Welcome to Scholar Publishing Group

Academic Journal of Environmental Biology, 2022, 3(4); doi: 10.38007/AJEB.2022.030404.

Bioremediation of Soil Pollution by Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Solid Waste Dismantling

Author(s)

Nan Yan

Corresponding Author:
Nan Yan
Affiliation(s)

Dalian Jiaotong University, Dalian, China

Abstract

With the increase in electronic products, the resulting e-waste has also increased, and people have begun to make a profit by processing this e-waste and recycling the metals in it. In my country, the early electronic dismantling industry was dominated by small workshops, with small restrictions, simple processes, no environmental protection measures, and lack of supervision by government agencies, resulting in heavy pollution of waste generated during the dismantling process, especially the soil environment. The main purpose of this paper is to study the soil pollution caused by PCBs in solid waste dismantling and related bioremediation. In this paper, the treatment methods of PCB pollution were analyzed, and the mechanism of microbial degradation of PCBs was studied. Finally, a virtual polluted soil was conducted to compare the neural network and Kriging analysis methods. The experiment found that by further comparing the spatial distribution of different estimation results, compared with the original global pollution distribution in Figure A, the estimation result of GFBP is closer to the original distribution than the estimation result and Kriging estimation result, indicating that the estimation result of GFBP is better.

Keywords

Dismantled Solid Waste, Polychlorinated Biphenyls, Soil Pollution, Bioremediation

Cite This Paper

Nan Yan. Bioremediation of Soil Pollution by Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Solid Waste Dismantling. Academic Journal of Environmental Biology (2022), Vol. 3, Issue 4: 26-36. https://doi.org/10.38007/AJEB.2022.030404.

References

[1] Sharma S, Kaur I, Nagpal A K. Contamination of rice crop with potentially toxic elements and associated human health risks—a review. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2021, 28(10):1-18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-11696-x

[2] Rosariastuti R, Sudadi, Supriyadi, et al. A bioremediation process based on the application of Rhizobium sp. I3 and Ramie (Boehmeria nivea L.) in lead contaminated soils. Journal fur Kulturpflanzen, 2020, 72(2/3):40-48.

[3] Mccarthy R A, Gupta A S, Kubicek B, et al. Signal Processing Methods to Interpret PCBs in Airborne Samples. IEEE Access, 2020, PP(99):1-1.

[4] Aziza A E, Iwegbue C, Tesi G O, et al. Concentrations, sources, and exposure risk of PCBs in soil profiles of the floodplain of the lower reaches of the River Niger, Nigeria. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2021, 193(9):1-18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-021-09310-9

[5] Satpati G G. Solid Waste Management By Algae: Current Applications And Future Perspectives. Pollution Research, 2021, 40(1):259-264.

[6] Wackett L P, Robinson S L. The ever-expanding limits of enzyme catalysis and biodegradation: Polyaromatic, polychlorinated, polyfluorinated, and polymeric compounds. Biochemical Journal, 2020, 477(15):2875-2891. https://doi.org/10.1042/BCJ20190720

[7] Rosariastuti R, Fauzi M S, Purwanto P, et al. Effects of Agrobacterium sp. I26, Manure and Inorganic Fertilizers to Pb Content of Rice Grains Planted in Pb Polluted Soil. Environment and Natural Resources Journal, 2020, 18(1):75-84.

[8] Mfs A, Fe A, Dacda A, et al. Passive sampler derived PCBs (PCBs) in indoor and outdoor air in Bursa, Turkey: Levels and an assessment of human exposure via inhalation - ScienceDirect. Atmospheric Pollution Research, 2020, 11( 6):71-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apr.2020.03.001

[9] Ibrahim E G. PCBs remediation in soil using moringa seeds and coconut Shell-based adsorbents. Chemistry International, 2020, Volume 6(4):304-309.

[10] Fatunsin O T, Chukwu C N, Folarin B T, et al. PCBs (PCBs) in Soil Samples from Sites of Different Anthropogenic Activities in Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Chemical Sciences, 2020, 1(3):65-71.

[11] Ili P, Nii T, Farooqi Z. Occurrence of Specific PCBs Congeners in an Industrial Zone. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 2021, 30(1):155-162. https://doi.org/10.15244/pjoes/123607

[12] Schlingermann M, Berrow S, Craig D, et al. High concentrations of persistent organic pollutants in adult killer whales (Orcinus orca) and a foetus stranded in Ireland. Marine pollution bulletin, 2020, 151(Feb.):110699.1-110699.6.

[13] Vera-Bernal M, RM Martínez-Espinosa. Insights on Cadmium Removal by Bioremediation: The Case of Haloarchaea. Microbiology Research, 2021, 12(2):354-375.

[14] Garba L. Evaluation of Lead resistance by newly identified Enterobacter cloacae strain AHZ 01 isolated from contaminated soil. Greener Journal of Biological Sciences, 2020, 10(2):42-47.

[15] NM Hernández-Adame, Javier L M, Martinez-Prado M A, et al. Increase in Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons Removal Rate in Contaminated Mining Soil Through Bioaugmentation with Autochthonous Fungi During the Slow Bioremediation Stage. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution: Focus, 2021, 232(95):1-15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-021-05051-0

[16] Ogoanah S O, Ngwoke U N, Ohanmu E O, et al. Enhancement of the soil quality of an oil-polluted ultisol using livestock wastes. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 2020, 12(2):387-398. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb12210617

[17] Udiba U U, Antai E E, Akpan E R. Assessment of Lead (Pb) Remediation Potential of Senna obtusifolia in Dareta Village, Zamfara, Nigeria. Journal of Health and Pollution, 2020, 10(5):1-11. https://doi.org/10.5696/2156-9614-10.25.200301

[18] Zeradjanin A, Avdalovic J, Ljesevic M, et al. Evolution of humic acids during ex situ bioremediation on a pilot level: The added value of the microbial activity. Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society, 2020, 85(6):821-830. https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC190916131Z