Welcome to Scholar Publishing Group

Academic Journal of Environmental Biology, 2022, 3(4); doi: 10.38007/AJEB.2022.030407.

Bioremediation of Soil Pollution Based on Fungal Immobilization Technology

Author(s)

Muhamad Hamame

Corresponding Author:
Muhamad Hamame
Affiliation(s)

American University of Afghanistan, Afghanistan

Abstract

Fluxes of lead into the natural environment have been increasing in many regions of the world due to human activities, and lead fluxes have been reported to exceed those from natural processes. In recent years, due to the rapid development of industry in my country, the demand for lead has gradually increased. The large-scale mining and smelting of lead ore, the processing of lead-containing materials and other industries have vigorously developed and sharply increased lead-containing wastewater, waste gas, and waste to the natural world medium emissions. The main purpose of this paper is to study the bioremediation of soil pollution (SP) based on fungal solidification technology. The effects of different time, pH, temperature and initial lead concentration on the adsorption conditions of heavy metal lead were studied using the screened high lead-tolerant G strains. Experiments show that the heavy metal lead will hinder the germination of rapeseed seeds to a certain extent, but in the presence of microorganisms resistant to heavy metals, the phenomenon of inhibiting seed germination will be slowed down, and the final performance effect is that the germination rate of seeds is increased. However, when the concentration of heavy metal lead is too high, it will have a certain inhibitory effect on microorganisms and seeds. If it exceeds the tolerance range, it will be suppressed by heavy metals, and the higher concentration will lead to the death of both.

Keywords

Fungal Immobilization Technology, Soil Contamination, Bioremediation Method, Immobilized Microorganisms

Cite This Paper

Muhamad Hamame. Bioremediation of Soil Pollution Based on Fungal Immobilization Technology. Academic Journal of Environmental Biology (2022), Vol. 3, Issue 4: 55-66. https://doi.org/10.38007/AJEB.2022.030407.

References

[1] Riaz U, Aslam A, Zaman Q U, et al. Cadmium Contamination, Bioavailability, Uptake Mechanism and Remediation Strategies in Soil-Plant-Environment System: a Critical Review. Current Analytical Chemistry, 2020, 17(1):1-12.

[2] Hofmann A, Meister M, Rolapp A, et al. Light Absorption Measurement With a CMOS Biochip for Quantitative Immunoassay Based Point-of-Care Applications.. IEEE transactions on biomedical circuits and systems, 2021, 15(3):369-379. https://doi.org/10.1109/TBCAS.2021.3083359

[3] Gazka A, Grzdziel J, Gazka R, et al. Fungal Community, Metabolic Diversity, and Glomalin-Related Soil Proteins (GRSP) Content in Soil Contaminated With Crude Oil After Long-Term Natural Bioremediation. Frontiers in Microbiology, 2020, 11(572314):1-17. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2020.572314

[4] Alobaydy O. Use Of Fungi In Bioremediation Of Contaminated Sites With Hydrocarbons. Plant Archives, 2020, 20(2):1406-1410.

[5] Zegzouti Y, Boutafda A, Fels L E, et al. Screening and selection of autochthonous fungi from leachate contaminated-soil for bioremediation of different types of leachate. Environmental Engineering Research, 2020, 25(5):722-734. https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2019.317

[6] Agostini A D, Caltagirone C, Caredda A, et al. Heavy metal tolerance of orchid populations growing on abandoned mine tailings: A case study in Sardinia Island (Italy). Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2020, 189(Feb.):110018.1-110018.8.

[7] NM Hernández-Adame, Javier L M, Martinez-Prado M A, et al. Increase in Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons Removal Rate in Contaminated Mining Soil Through Bioaugmentation with Autochthonous Fungi During the Slow Bioremediation Stage. Water, Air, & SP: Focus, 2021, 232(95):1-15.

[8] Candan E D. Heavy Metal Tolerance Potential of Aspergillus alliaceus Isolated from a Green Turtle Nesting Site. Bitlis Eren Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 2021, 10(1):49-56. https://doi.org/10.17798/bitlisfen.830337

[9] Soldi E, Casey C, Murphy B R, et al. Fungal Endophytes for Grass Based Bioremediation: An Endophytic Consortium Isolated from Agrostis stolonifera Stimulates the Growth of Festuca arundinacea in Lead Contaminated Soil. Journal of Fungi — Open Access Mycology Journal, 2020, 6(254):1-15. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof6040254

[10] Bourzama G, Iratni N, Ennaghra N, et al. In Vitro Removal of Electronic and Electrical Wastes by Fungi Isolated from Soil at Annaba Area in Northeast of Algeria. Environment and Natural Resources Journal, 2021, 19(4):302-309. https://doi.org/10.32526/ennrj/19/2020294

[11] Nwadibe E C, Aniebonam E E, Jude O U. Effect Of Crude Oil Pollution On Soil And Aquatic Bacteria And Fungi. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences, 2020, 8(2):176-184. https://doi.org/10.18006/2020.8(2).176.184

[12] Rosariastuti R, Sudadi, Supriyadi, et al. A bioremediation process based on the application of Rhizobium sp. I3 and Ramie (Boehmeria nivea L.) in lead contaminated soils. Journal fur Kulturpflanzen, 2020, 72(2/3):40-48.

[13] Putri A, Widjajanti H, Handayani H E. Isolation and Potency Test of Sulfate Reducing Bacteria (SRB) as Bioremediation Agent for Ex-Coal Mining Soil. Sriwijaya Journal of Environment, 2020, 5(1):23-29. https://doi.org/10.22135/sje.2020.5.1.23-29

[14] Sharma S, Kaur I, Nagpal A K. Contamination of rice crop with potentially toxic elements and associated human health risks—a review. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2021, 28(10):1-18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-11696-x

[15] Saharan B, Sharma D, Ranga P. Bioremediation Of Azo Dye And Textile Effluents Using Pseudomonas Putida Mtcc 2445. Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences, 2020, 22(2):88-94.

[16] WP Ouédraogo, Otoidobiga H, Amadou C, et al. Pilot bioremediation of contaminated soils by hydrocarbons, from an electricity production and distribution site in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Scientific Research and Essays, 2020, 15(4):69-77.

[17] Iyobosa E, Zhu S F, Ning H J, et al. Development Of A Robust Bacterial Consortium For Petroleum Hydrocarbon Degradation. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 2021, 30(3):2356-2367.

[18] Chawla N, Bhardwaj J, Singh L. Bioremediation Of Organophosphate Pesticides : Current Status And Future Prospective. Plant Archives, 2020, 20(2):3405-3412.