Shenyang Jianzhu University, Shenyang, China
In order to cultivate a socialist successor with all-round development of moral, intellectual, and artistic work, many college sports teams have carried out track and field training programs to achieve good habits for helping students to keep fit and to train students to participate in sports. In the course of track and field, the ankle joint is an important part of the human body and the most vulnerable part. In training, the ankle joint is the largest part of the point of force, which is very easy to damage. Running and jumping in track and field is essential, which can easily lead to injury in sports training. It is difficult to prevent. In track and field training, ankle joint injury is the highest proportion of injured parts, accounting for about 30% of sports injuries. In order to reduce or avoid the occurrence of ankle joint injury during the training process, and take effective preventive measures, an effective method should be selected for evaluation. According to the influencing factors of ankle joint injury in track and field training, this paper based on fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, the evaluation model of ankle injury prevention measures in high-intensity track and field training, find out the problems existing in training, and put forward effective preventive measures. According to the constructed evaluation model, the final calculation result is: B=0.74, which indicates that the track and field team generally prevents the athletes from developing ankle injury during the exercise training, and needs further improvement to reduce the athlete's ankle injury during the training. The evaluation index system of ankle joint injury prevention measures is analyzed. The results show that the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method can effectively obtain the current preventive measures for track and field sports training.
Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method, Track and Field Sports, Sports Training, Ankle Injury
Shoujin Wang. Prevention and Evaluation of Ankle Injury in High-intensity Track and Field Training Based on Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method. International Journal of Sports Technology (2020), Vol. 1, Issue 4: 78-91.
 Ross J R, Stone R M, Larson C M. Core Muscle Injury/Sports Hernia/Athletic Pubalgia, and Femoroacetabular Impingement. Sports Medicine & Arthroscopy Review, 2015, 23(4):213-220.
 Lough N. The Athletic Trap: How College Sports Corrupted the Academy by Howard L. Nixon, II (review). Review of Higher Education, 2016, 40(1):154-157.
 Team Athletic Therapists and Physical Therapists Experience Ethical Issues. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 2015, 45(3):1-30.
 Welsh M. Sports Gynecology: Problems and Care of the Athletic Female. Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health, 2015, 45(2):191-191.
 Leng X, Jiang H, Zou X, et al. Motion feature quantization of athletic sports training based on fuzzy neural network theory. Cluster Computing, 2018(1s):1-8.
 Kerr Z Y, Roos K G, Djoko A, et al. Epidemiologic Measures for Quantifying the Incidence of Concussion in National Collegiate Athletic Association Sports. Journal of Athletic Training, 2016, 52(3):1062-6050-51.6.05.
 Meron A, Saintphard D. Track and field throwing sports: injuries and prevention. Curr Sports Med Rep, 2017, 16(6):391-396.
 Burch A. From Passion to Patent: Raytheon Track-and-Field Coach Inspires STEM in Sports [Pipelining: Attractive Programs for Women]. IEEE Women in Engineering Magazine, 2018, 12(1):28-28.
 Lawless, Janet F, Grobbelaar, et al. Sport psychological skills profile of track and field athletes and comparisons between successful and less successful track athletes. South African Journal for Research in Sport Physical Education & Recreation, 2015, 37(3):123-142.
 Brad, DeWeese, Hornsby, et al. The training process： Planning for strength-power training in track and field. Part 2： Practical and applied aspects. Journal of Sport & Health Science, 2015, 4(4):318-324.
 Jacobsson J, Örjan Dahlström, Kowalski J, et al. The psychological factor ‘self-blame’ predicts overuse injury among top-level Swedish track and field athletes: a 12-month cohort study. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2015, 49(22):1472-.
 Giannone Z A, Haney C J, Kealy D, et al. Athletic identity and psychiatric symptoms following retirement from varsity sports. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 2017, 63(7):20764017724184.
 Riva D, Bianchi R, Rocca F, et al. Proprioceptive Training and Injury Prevention in a Professional Men's Basketball Team: A Six-Year Prospective Study.. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2016, 30(2):461-475.
 Bonanno D R, Murley G S, Munteanu S E, et al. Foot orthoses for the prevention of lower limb overuse injuries in naval recruits: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Journal of Foot & Ankle Research, 2015, 8(1):51.
 Zhang G, Zhang Y, Liu X. Using fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method to establish a credible spectrum sensing and allocation model. Security & Communication Networks, 2015, 7(11):1912-1920.
 Jiao J, Ren H, Sun S. Assessment of surface ship environment adaptability in seaways: A fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. International Journal of Naval Architecture & Ocean Engineering, 2016, 8(4):344-359.
 Meng R F, Yang H F, Liu C L. Evaluation of water resources carrying capacity of Gonghe basin based on fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 2016(3):61-67.
 Liu Y, Huang X, Jin D, et al. The assessment of traffic accident risk based on grey relational analysis and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. Natural Hazards, 2017, 88(3):1409-1422.
 Yang W, Xu K, Lian J, et al. Multiple flood vulnerability assessment approach based on fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method and coordinated development degree model.. Journal of Environmental Management, 2018, 213:440-450.
 Yi W, Yan L, Wei L, et al. Assessing operational ocean observing equipment (OOOE) based on the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. Ocean Engineering, 2015, 107:54-59.