Welcome to Scholar Publishing Group

Frontiers in Literature Research, 2023, 4(1); doi: 10.38007/FILR.2023.040101.

Sensory Narration in Oates's Four Summers


Qiao Yuan

Corresponding Author:
Qiao Yuan

High School Attached to Northeast Normal University, Changchun China


The four parts of Oates's novel Four Summers are stories, which correspond to Sissie's four key stages from infancy, childhood, adolescence, to youth respectively, and describe Sissie's growing experience. This paper attempts to explore how the novel superbly displays the cognitive process of girls at the bottom and the narrative skills of their spiritual predicament from the sensitive, lonely and fearful sensory feelings of Sissie, the heroine in the text.


Growth Cognition, Emotional Narration, Class Solidification

Cite This Paper

Qiao Yuan. Sensory Narration in Oates's Four Summers. Frontiers in Literature Research (2023), Vol. 4, Issue 1: 1-7. https://doi.org/10.38007/FILR.2023.040101.


[1] Bannon, Barbara, Review of Wheel of Love, in Publishers Weekly, August 10, 1970, p. 47.

[2] Bastan, Katherine, Joyce Carol Oates's Short Stories: Between Tradition and Innovation, Peter Lang, 1983.

[3] Creighton, Joanne V., "Joyce Carol Oates's Craftmanship in 'The Wheel of Love,"' in Studies in Short Fiction, Vol. 15, No. 4, Fall 1978, pp. 375–84.

[4] Cushman, Keith, "A Reading of Joyce Carol Oates's 'Four Summers," in Studies in Short Fiction, Vol. 18, No. 2, Spring 1981, pp. 137–47.

[5] Fossum, Robert H., "Only Control: The Novels Of Joyce Carol Oates", Studies in the Novel, Vol. 7, No. 2 (summer 1975), pp. 285-297.

[6] Gilman, Richard, "The Disasters of Love, Sexual and Otherwise," in the New York Times Book Review, September 25, 1970, p. 4.

[7] Johnson, Greg, Invisible Writer: A Biography of Joyce Carol Oates, Dutton, 1998.

[8] Semansky, Chris, Critical Essay on "Four Summers," in Short Stories for Students, The Gale Group, 2003.

[9] Oates, Joyce Carol, The Wheel of Love and Other Stories. New York: Vanguard Press, 1970.

[10] Wagner, Linda W., ed., Critical Essays on Joyce Carol Oates, G. K. Hall, 1979.

[11] Veres, D. C. (2021). Sensory storytelling, a current tool of communication in advertising. European Journal of Law and Public Administration, 8. https://doi.org/10.18662/eljpa/8.1/151

[12] Putri, D., Rajistha, I., & Claria, D. (2020). Dimantra: lingual-tactual sensory media for bali blind tourism. LANGUAGE LITERACY Journal of Linguistics Literature and Language Teaching(2). https://doi.org/10.30743/ll.v4i2.3117

[13] Gabelica, M. (2021). Storytelling as a Bridge between the Virtual and the Sensory. EDUvision 2020.

[14] Greyling, F., Verhoef, S., & Tempelhoff, G. (2021). The byderhandpioneer project: a case study of the participatory dynamics in creating and accessibilising locative literature for persons with visual impairment. Tydskrift vir Geesteswetenskappe, 60(4-2). https://doi.org/10.17159/2224-7912/2020/v60n4-2a14

[15] Mohamed, N. (2021). Transcending linguistic and cultural boundaries: A case study of four young Maldivians' translanguaging practices. https://doi.org/10.21832/9781788927338-010