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Frontiers in Educational Psychology, 2023, 4(1); doi: 10.38007/JEP.2023.040101.

The Impact of Parenting Style on College Students' Empathy: Peer Relationship as a Mediator


Beilei Yao, Juan Ma, Yuxi Huang and Na Ni

Corresponding Author:
Juan Ma

Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine, Xianyang 712046, Shaanxi, China


To investigate the effects of parenting style and peer relationships on college students' empathy, and the mediating role of peer relationships. A simple parenting style scale, a peer relationship scale, and a college student empathy scale were used to investigate college students from seven institutions in Shaanxi Province. The rejection dimension of parenting style significantly and negatively predicted college students' peer relationship, and empathy(β=-0.37, p<0.001; β=-0.06, p<0.01); the overprotective dimension significantly and negatively predicted college students' peer relationship, and positively predicted college students' empathy(β=-0.23, p<0.001; β=0.06, p<0.05); the emotional warmth dimension significantly and positively predicted college students' peer relationship and empathy(β=0.46, p<0.001; β=0.30,p<0.001). Peer relation partially mediated the relationship between the dimensions of parenting style and college students' empathetic ability (-0.16, -0.11, 0.11; 95% CI not including 0). Parenting styles had a significant effect on college students' empathetic ability, and peer relationships partially mediated the effect of parenting style on empathetic ability.


Parenting Style, Peer Relationship, Empathy, College Students

Cite This Paper

Beilei Yao, Juan Ma, Yuxi Huang and Na Ni. The Impact of Parenting Style on College Students' Empathy: Peer Relationship as a Mediator. Frontiers in Educational Psychology (2023), Vol. 4, Issue 1: 1-9. https://doi.org/10.38007/JEP.2023.040101.


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