Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444,China
At present, China's photovoltaic industry patents and exports ranked first in the world, while China's photovoltaic industry has suffered from Europe and the United States "double reverse" sanctions and blockade, the situation is very difficult, and its development can not be separated from the progress of domestic science and technology and policy support. This paper collates the three crises and breakthroughs that China's photovoltaic industry has experienced. The innovation of this paper is to analyze the reasons why China's photovoltaic industry can fight back from the upstream, midstream and downstream characteristics of the industry chain theory, and summarize China's photovoltaic industry's successful experience based on the theory of Porter's diamond model, which provides a certain reference significance to the other industries that are still under the U.S. trade sanction. At the same time, this paper uses pest model to analyze the reasons for Biden's emergency tariff exemption this year, combined with the status quo of photovoltaic development, to analyze the current challenges and coping strategies. Finally, it puts forward policy suggestions for the development of PV and other fields.
China's Photovoltaic Industry, Trade Sanctions, Industry Chain Theory, Diamond Model, Challenges and Countermeasures
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