Welcome to Scholar Publishing Group

International Journal of Art Innovation and Development, 2022, 3(4); doi: 10.38007/IJAID.2022.030407.

The Aesthetic Value and Artistic Philosophy of Chinese and Japanese Courtyard Architecture


Xizhen Ning

Corresponding Author:
Xizhen Ning

Royal College of Art, White City School of Communication, London, UK


In East Asian countries, China and Japan have many courtyard architectural spaces with natural elements as the background. From the perspective of artistic aesthetics, the theme of mountains and waters reproduces natural landscapes such as mountains and lakes in three-dimensional space. For example: rockery, bonsai, Yushanzi, basin stone, etc. If the following features can be identified in each specific case, they will appear in the same form: a little water, a little cigarette and the original ecology. These techniques, which use the original shape of natural materials to construct, are widely used in the courtyard design of China and Japan. At the same time, this kind of landscape image is very different from the image presented by western sculpture, which is based on its own modeling method and creative consciousness. Japanese courtyard architecture borrowed the technology and concept of Chinese courtyard architecture, and created simple and elegant Japanese style by combining Zen thought with Chinese national culture. The typical feature of Japanese courtyard architecture is the dry landscape art, which is known as the peak of Japanese garden art and shows a unique Japanese style charm. Based on the aesthetic value and artistic philosophy characteristics of Chinese and Japanese courtyard space, this paper explains the aesthetic value and artistic philosophy of Chinese and Japanese courtyard architecture space, and further studies the Chinese and Japanese courtyard space art.


Sino Japanese Courtyard, Architectural Space, Esthetics, Philosophy of Art

Cite This Paper

Xizhen Ning. The Aesthetic Value and Artistic Philosophy of Chinese and Japanese Courtyard Architecture. International Journal of Art Innovation and Development (2022), Vol. 3, Issue 4: 68-90. https://doi.org/10.38007/IJAID.2022.030407.


[1] Yajie Wang. Comparative Study on the Aesthetic Characteristics and Artistic Expression of Sino Japanese Story Cartoons. Comedy World (First Half of the Month), 2022 (08): 79-81. https://doi.org/10.35955/JCH.2022.08.81.79

[2] Mu Lv. Exploring the Influence of Sino Japanese Zen Monk Exchanges on the Middle Age Courtyard Culture of Japan. Taste • Classics, 2021 (18): 50-53

[3] Ting Wang. Anti westernization "consensus" in the art exchange between junior high school and Japan in the 20th century. Nanjing Academy of Arts, 2021

[4] Ni Yan. The Influence of Sino Japanese Zen Monk Exchange on Japanese Zhongshi Garden Culture in the Song and Yuan Dynasties. Beijing Forestry University, 2020

[5] Ping Wang. Research on Chinese Elements of Contemporary Japanese Architects' Works in China. Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, 2020

[6] Guining Wu, Yunfang Yao. A comparative study of Chinese and Japanese classical garden art. Intelligent Building and Smart City, 2020 (02): 99-101+106. DOI:CNKI:SUN:GCYZ. 0.2020-02-037

[7] Dan Rao. A Comparative Study of Chinese and Japanese Fine Arts Education. East China Normal University, 2018. DOI:CNKI:CDMD:2.1014.322223

[8] Yong Liu. Research on the Application of Landscape Culture in Modern Courtyard Landscape. Building Materials and Decoration, 2018 (13): 79-80. https://doi.org/10.32629/eep. v2i6.310

[9] Lei Ye. Research on the Evolution, Development and Origin of Japanese Classical Painting Art from the Perspective of Sino Japanese Cultural Exchange. Art 100 Schools, 2017,33 (05): 188-192

[10] Qingqing Hu. Research on Foreign Art Exchange Exhibition of New China (1949-1966). Nanjing Academy of Arts, 2016. DOI:CNKI:CDMD:1.1016.214744

[11] Zhengyi Fu. Tainer's View of Literary History and the Writing of Chinese Literary History in Modern China and Japan. Hunan University, 2016

[12] Qian Cheng. "Eight Scenes of Xiaoxiang" in the History of Sino Japanese Cultural Exchange. Beijing Foreign Studies University, 2016

[13] Yajing Chen. Conservation and Compromise of Modern Chinese Painting. Central Academy of Fine Arts, 2015

[14] Mochou Li. The formation of the concept of modern Chinese "art" and its origin in Japan. Central South University for Nationalities, 2015. DOI:CNKI:CDMD:2.1016.709439

[15] Dan Rao. A Comparative Study of Fine Arts Education in Primary and Secondary Schools between China and Japan. East China Normal University, 2014. DOI:CNKI:CDMD: 2.1014.322223

[16] Fang Li. Comparative Study on the Decorative Art of Hanging Fish in Chinese and Japanese Traditional Buildings. Chongqing University, 2014

[17] Mu Tong. Investigation on the Development History and Artistic Characteristics of Chinese and Japanese Calligraphy. Jilin University of Finance and Economics, 2014

[18] Jinhong Yang. Analysis of the Characteristics and Elements of Chinese and Japanese Courtyard Design. Popular Literature and Art, 2013 (24): 63-64. DOI:CNKI:SUN: DZLU.0.2013-24-061

[19] Wenhai Hu. Comparison of the Cultural Connotation of Chinese and Japanese Courtyard Buildings -- Taking Chinese rockeries and Japanese dry landscapes as examples. Youth, 2013 (15): 406-407. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1007-5070.2013.15.347

[20] Haihe Zhao. Comparative Study on Chinese and Japanese Classical Garden Art. Chongqing University, 2013. DOI:10.7666/d.D356088

[21] Yinbao Sun. Comparative Study on Chinese and Japanese Classical Garden Stone Scenery Art. Hunan University of Technology, 2012. DOI:10.7666/d.D367576

[22] Chenqun Wu. The Art of Enclosed Time and Space. Henan University, 2012

[23] Yufeng Long. Comparison of Chinese and Japanese garden stone art and research on its scientific connotation. Hunan Agricultural University, 2010. DOI:CNKI:CDMD:2.2010.226585

[24] Hong Chang. Aesthetic Comparison of Mask Art between China and Japan -- Taking Ghost Mask as an Example. Shanxi University