International Journal of Health and Pharmaceutical Medicine, 2020, 1(2); doi: 10.38007/IJHPM.2020.010203.
Hebei Normal University of Science and Technology, Qinhuangdao, China
Infantile vitamin B_1 deficiency, also known as beriberi, is caused by insufficient supply of vitamin B_1 in infants. Infants who lack essential vitamins are stunted and have poor resistance. Severe cases suffer from related diseases due to malnutrition. This paper mainly studies the brain CT study of infant vitamin B_1 deficiency, discusses the CT manifestations and diagnostic value of infant vitamin B_1 deficiency encephalopathy, and improves the level of clinical diagnosis. 35 children with vitamin B_1 deficiency encephalopathy ware scanned by conventional CT, and their CT manifestations and clinical data were analyzed. The main clinical symptoms were convulsion, mental disorder, ocular depression and vomiting. Brain CT showed: bilateral lenticular nucleus (20 / 35), caudate nucleus head (15 / 35, thalamus (3 / 35), anterior limb internal capsule (4 / 35), lateral ventricle of external capsule (1 / 35) and white matter (2 / 35) symmetrical low-density area, 18 cases of cerebral sulcus enlargement, 16 cases of ventricular enlargement, 1 case of cerebral cortex density was generally low. After treatment with vitamin B_1, the clinical symptoms were significantly improved and disappeared in 2-5 days. The CT low density changes of bilateral basal ganglia in children with vitamin B_1 deficiency encephalopathy have certain characteristics. The study of brain CT can quickly diagnose the clinical symptoms of vitamin B_1 deficiency in infants, and it has important value in the diagnosis of infant diseases.
Vitamin B_1 Deficiency, Brain Diseases, CT Scan, Basal Ganglia
Junxi Wang. Brain CT Study of Vitamin B1 Deficiency in Infants. International Journal of Health and Pharmaceutical Medicine (2020), Vol. 1, Issue 2: 25-36. https://doi.org/10.38007/IJHPM.2020.010203.
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