Welcome to Scholar Publishing Group

Academic Journal of Environmental Biology, 2022, 3(1); doi: 10.38007/AJEB.2022.030103.

Heavy Metal Pollution Phytoremediation Technology Based on Six Types of Pollution Indicators


Helian Yang

Corresponding Author:
Helian Yang

School of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Henan, China


Phytoremediation is a low-cost and environmentally friendly remediation technology. It often uses enriched or even highly enriched plants to enrich and remove heavy metals in soil. The phytoremediation method does not destroy the structure of the polluted soil, has less impact on soil microorganisms and animals, and has the advantages of less investment in governance. Phytoremediation of polluted soil can beautify the environment at the same time. It is a promising, safe, reliable and emerging green bioremediation technology. Therefore, this paper uses phytoremediation technology to control soil heavy metal pollution. Due to the plant's strong ability to enrich a variety of heavy metals. In this paper, plants such as Phyllostachys vulgaris were selected to carry out simulation experiments on the soil of an industrial area, and the enrichment effects of six types of pollution indicators such as Pb, Zn, Cr, As, Cd, and Cu in the soil samples and the removal of heavy metals by Phyllanthus sinensis were analyzed. The results showed that P. chinensis had better enrichment effect on Cd, As, Pb, and Cu, and better removal effect on heavy metals such as Cd, Pb, and Cu.


Six Types of Pollution Indicators, Heavy Metal Pollution, Phytoremediation, Enrichment Effect

Cite This Paper

Helian Yang. Heavy Metal Pollution Phytoremediation Technology Based on Six Types of Pollution Indicators. Academic Journal of Environmental Biology (2022), Vol. 3, Issue 1: 30-37. https://doi.org/10.38007/AJEB.2022.030103.


[1] Prakash A , Kumar P . Evaluation Of Heavy Metal Scavenging Competence By In-Vivo Grown Riccinus Communis L. Using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer . Pollution research, 2018, 37(2):420-423.

[2] Lee G , Suonan Z , Kim S H , et al. Heavy metal accumulation and phytoremediation potential by transplants of the seagrass Zostera marina in the polluted bay systems . Marine pollution bulletin, 2019, 149(Dec.):110509.1-110509.12.

[3] Rahman M S , Babu S , Rahman M , et al. Source of metal contamination in sediment, their ecological risk, and phytoremediation ability of the studied mangrove plants in ship breaking area, Bangladesh . Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2019, 141(2019):137-146.

[4] Dilek, Gümü. Biosorptive application of defatted Laurus nobilis leaves as a waste material for treatment of water contaminated with heavy metal. . International journal of phytoremediation, 2019, 21(6):556-563.

[5] Tomic N T , Smiljanic S , Jovic M , et al. Examining the Effects of the Destroying Ammunition, Mines, and Explosive Devices on the Presence of Heavy Metals in Soil of Open Detonation Pit: Part 1-Pseudo-total Concentration . Water Air & Soil Pollution, 2018, 229(9):301.1-301.19.

[6] Sharma P , Pandey S . Phytoremediation Of Heavy Metal Chromium By Lasiurus Scindicus (Fodder Grass) In Polluted Soil And Water Of Amanishah Nallah, Jaipur . Pollution research, 2018, 37(1):234-237.

[7] Riani E , Cordova M R , Arifin Z . Heavy metal pollution and its relation to the malformation of green mussels cultured in Muara Kamal waters, Jakarta Bay, Indonesia . Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2018, 133(AUG.):664-670.

[8] Omwene P I , MS Öncel, M Çelen, et al. Heavy metal pollution and spatial distribution in surface sediments of Mustafakemalpaa stream located in the world's largest borate basin (Turkey) . Chemosphere, 2018, 159(OCT.):782-792.

[9] Rodriguez Martin J A , Gutierrez C , Torrijos M , et al. Wood and bark of Pinus halepensis as archives of heavy metal pollution in the Mediterranean Region. . Environmental Pollution, 2018, 239(AUG.):438-447.

[10] Danek T , Cheng X , Drozdova J , et al. Soil heavy metal pollution and risk assessment associated with the Zn-Pb mining region in Yunnan, Southwest China . Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2018, 190(4):194.1-194.16.

[11] Narayana A C , Ismaiel M ,  Priju C P . An environmental magnetic record of heavy metal pollution in Vembanad lagoon, southwest coast of India . Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2021, 167(3–4):1-15.

[12] Asa B , Ssa B , Sba B , et al. Synthetic biology techniques to tackle heavy metal pollution and poisoning . Synthetic and Systems Biotechnology, 2021, 7( 3):841-846.

[13] Rplabc D , Ynxac D , Jhzac D , et al. Effects of heavy metal pollution on farmland soils and crops: A case study of the Xiaoqinling Gold Belt, China - ScienceDirect . China Geology, 2020, 3( 3):402-410.

[14] Dane H , Sisman T . A morpho-histopathological study in the digestive tract of three fish species influenced with heavy metal pollution . Chemosphere, 2020, 242(Mar.):125212.1-125212.8.

[15] Olowe O M , MD Asemoloye. Phytoremediation technology and food security impacts of heavy metal contaminated soils: A review of literature . Chemosphere, 2021, 288(5):1-12.

[16] Wloka D , Placek A , Smol M , et al. The efficiency and economic aspects of phytoremediation technology using Phalaris arundinacea L. and Brassica napus L. combined with compost and nano SiO_2 fertilization for the removal of PAH's from soil . Journal of Environmental Management, 2019, 234(MAR.15):311-319.

[17] Irga, P, J, et al. The phytoremediation of indoor air pollution: a review on the technology development from the potted plant through to functional green wall biofilters . Reviews in Environmntal Science and Biotechnology, 2018, 17(2):395-415.

[18] Moogouei R . Use of Terrestrial Plants for Phytoremediation of Pollutants from Solutions . Iranian Journal of Science and Technology. Transaction A, Science, 2018, 42(4):1753-1759.

[19] Pettit T , Irga P , Torpy F . Towards practical indoor air phytoremediation: A review . Chemosphere, 2018, 208(OCT.):960-974.